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Advanced Testing

Beyond cholesterol measurements, we also utilize nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) technology to measure lipoprotein particle concentrations, as well as immunoassays to measure apolipoproteins.

Lipoprotein particles like LDL, HDL and Lipoprotein (a) are protein enwrapped vehicles which transport lipids like cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood. It is not so much the cholesterol content of these particles (measured in traditional lipid panels [e.g., LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol]) that most accurately increases the risk of atherosclerosis but rather the lipoprotein particle concentration [LDL-P, HDL-P]. Atherosclerosis or plaque results when certain lipoproteins invade the artery, become oxidized and generate an inflammatory process. It is particle number rather than particle cholesterol content that drives this process.

Also included is a panel of biomarkers that target the early detection of insulin resistance, prediabetes and pancreatic beta cell strain/dysfunction (cells in the pancreas in charge of insulin production). Readings from these tests help us to not only reverse prediabetes but also better manage diabetes.

Suggested Reading

For physicians:

For patients:

For everyone:



  • Fat Chance by Robert Lustig, MD
  • Sugar has 56 Names by Robert Lustig, MD
  • The Art and Science of Low Carbohydrate Living by Jeff S. Volek, PhD, RD and Stephen D. Phinney, MD, PhD
  • Wheat Belly by William Davis, MD
  • Low Glycemic Load Diet by Rob Thompson, MD